Twenty years after the first GSM licence was issued in Nigeria, Nigeria has issued 5G (100MHz of 3.5GHz) licences to two operators MTN Nigeria and Mafab Communications. We all know that 5G will aid the global economy and Nigeria is not left out.
Before we look at this impact let’s answer the burning questions about 5G.
What is 5G?
5G is the fifth generation mobile network. It is a new world wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G allows a new type of network that is designed to connect absolutely everybody and everything collectively such as machines, objects, and devices.
5G wireless technology is intended to supply higher multi-Gbps peak information speeds, extremely low latency, greater reliability, massive network capacity, expanded availability, and a more uniform user journey to more users. Higher overall performance and increased efficiency empower new user experiences and connect new industries.
What underlying applied sciences make up 5G?
5G is based totally on OFDM (Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing), an approach of modulating a digital signal across various one-of-a-kind channels to minimize interference. 5G makes use of 5G NR air interface alongside OFDM principles. 5G additionally makes use of wider bandwidth technologies such as sub-6 GHz and mmWave.
Like 4G LTE, 5G OFDM operates primarily based on the same cellular networking principles. However, the new 5G NR air interface can similarly enhance OFDM to supply an awful lot greater diploma of flexibility and scalability. This should grant extra 5G access for more human beings and things for a range of distinct use cases.
5G will deliver wider bandwidths by expanding the usage of spectrum resources, from sub-3 GHz used in 4G to one hundred GHz and beyond. 5G can function in both lower bands (e.g., sub-6 GHz) as properly as mmWave (e.g., 24 GHz and up), which will carry severe capacity, multi-Gbps throughput, and low latency.
5G is designed to now not solely supply faster, better mobile broadband services compared to 4G LTE, however can additionally expand into new service areas such as mission-critical communications and connecting the massive IoT. This is enabled through many new 5G NR air interface plan techniques, such as a new self-contained TDD subframe design.
What are the differences between the preceding generations of mobile networks and 5G?
The preceding generations of cell networks are 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G.
First generation - 1G
1980s: 1G delivered analog voice.
Second generation - 2G
Early 1990s: 2G added digital voice (e.g. CDMA- Code Division Multiple Access).
Third generation - 3G
Early 2000s: 3G brought cell data (e.g. CDMA2000).
Fourth generation - 4G LTE
2010s: 4G LTE ushered in the era of cell broadband.
1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G all led to 5G, which is designed to furnish extra connectivity than was once ever accessible before.
5G is a unified, extra succesful air interface. It has been designed with an extended capability to enable next-generation person experiences, empower new deployment fashions and deliver new services.
With high speeds, gold standard reliability, and negligible latency, 5G will amplify the mobile ecosystem into new realms. 5G will affect every industry, making safer transportation, remote healthcare, precision agriculture, digitized logistics — and more — a reality.
How is 5G better than 4G?
There are countless features that make 5G better than 4G:
• 5G is significantly quicker than 4G
• 5G has more capacity than 4G
• 5G has significantly lower latency than 4G
• 5G is a unified platform that is extra capable than 4G
• 5G uses spectrum higher than 4G
5G is a unified platform that is extra capable than 4G.
While 4G LTE targeted on handing over a great deal faster mobile broadband offerings than 3G, 5G is designed to be a unified, extra succesful platform that not only elevates mobile broadband experiences, but additionally helps new services such as mission-critical communications and the massive IoT. 5G can additionally natively guide all spectrum types (licensed, shared, unlicensed) and bands (low, mid, high), a broad vary of deployment fashions (from typical macro-cells to hotspots), and new approaches to interconnect (such as device-to-device and multi-hop mesh).
5G uses spectrum better than 4G.
5G is also designed to get the most out of each bit of spectrum across a wide array of handy spectrum regulatory paradigms and bands—from low bands below 1 GHz to mid bands from 1 GHz to 6 GHz to excessive bands regarded as millimeter wave (mmWave).
5G is faster than 4G.
5G can be appreciably quicker than 4G, handing over up to 20 Gigabits-per-second (Gbps) height statistics fees and 100+ Megabits-per-second (Mbps) average statistics rates.
5G has more capacity than 4G.
5G is designed to guide a 100x expansion in traffic potential and network efficiency.1
5G has lower latency than 4G.
5G has significantly decreased latency to supply extra instantaneous, real-time access: a 10x decrease in end-to-end latency down to 1ms.
How do consumers use 5G?
The common consumer is predicted to use close to 11 GB of records per month on their smartphone in 2022.2 This is driven by way of explosive growth in video traffic as mobile is an increasing number of turning into the supply of media and entertainment, as well as the big increase in always-connected cloud computing and experiences.
4G completely modified how we consume information. In the previous decade, we have witnessed leaps and bounds in the cell app industry around offerings such as video streaming, ride sharing, food shipping, and more.
5G will enlarge the cellular ecosystem to new industries. This will contribute to state-of-the-art user experiences such as boundless extreme reality (XR), seamless IoT capabilities, new business enterprise applications, neighborhood interactive content, and immediate cloud access, to identify a few.
How do businesses use 5G?
With high data speeds and optimal network reliability, 5G will have an exquisite influence on businesses. The advantages of 5G will decorate the efficiency of organizations while also giving users quicker access to greater information.
Depending on the industry, some groups can make full use of 5G capabilities, particularly those needing the high speed, low latency, and community capacity that 5G is designed to provide. For example, smart factories may want to use 5G to run industrial Ethernet to assist them to enlarge operational productiveness and precision.
How do cities use 5G?
Smart cities ought to use 5G in a range of ways to transform the lives of people living in them—primarily providing increased efficiencies like greater connectivity between humans and things, higher information speeds, and decreased latency than ever before in areas like automotive safety, infrastructure, VR, and entertainment.
Conclusion on How 5G will Impact Our Businesses and Lives in Nigeria
You will want to get a new smartphone that supports 5G if you desire to be able to use the network. For example, smartphones powered with the aid of the Snapdragon 5G Mobile Platforms are 5G compatible.
There are various new mobile telephones handy that are designed to support 5G, and multiple carriers across the world aid the 5G wireless network. As the 5G rollout timeline progresses, extra smartphones and provider subscriptions will become available, as 5G science and 5G like-minded units become more mainstream.
The research also revealed that the 5G value chain (including OEMs, operators, content creators, app developers, and consumers) should by itself aid up to 22.8 million jobs, or more than one job for each and every man or woman in Beijing, China. And there are many rising and new purposes that will still be defined in the future. Only time will tell what the full “5G effect” on the economy is going to be.
This will be a big boost to the Nigerian economy and should be welcomed by all citizens.